Ethnic Groups of India, Pakistan, Asia, and Australia


Source: Haak et al., Massive Migration from the steppe was a source for Indo-European langauges in Europe.

Note: There is a territorial dispute between India and Pakistan. I am not trying to wade into that dispute or pass judgment on who really controls what. Also, I don’t know what distinguishes the 4 Gujarati samples, so they’re just in ABC order.

And finally, greater Asia (plus Australia):


Note that I had to leave off some groups from this map that appeared on earlier maps, like most of the Caucasian ethnicities. (Note that central Siberia is not actually as badly sampled as it looks, because this is a Mercator projection which makes Siberia look bigger than it actually is. Yes, I know, I don’t like Mercator projections, either, but it’s hard to find a nice, blank map with Asia on the left and Alaska on the right, and a cylindrical projection allows me to just switch the two halves without messing up the angles of the continents.)

And we’re done!

6 thoughts on “Ethnic Groups of India, Pakistan, Asia, and Australia

  1. Wait, so based on that graph, the onge aren’t the pure South Indians I assumed. So who are the dark green seen in South India? What was that group? Where did they come from. Based on how they seem most common in South India, it could mean they went North and migrated or it could mean they were one common all over the world but were pushed South by other peoples.


    • I couldn’t fit all of the genetic data onto the map (for obvious reasons) so it only reflects a snapshot. Haak’s paper contains the full graph, which is fascinating.

      Gentically, Onge are related to south Indians, southeast Asians, and Aborigines, but have been isolated for a long time, so at this level they look completely different.

      Which dark green are you referring to? The Teal People are related to the Indo-European expansion, and found throughout Europe and much of the Mid East. The light green dominates southern Asia but I don’t yet know its story.


  2. Looking at pictures of Kalash and Pamiri people seems like pretty good evidence for a Central Asian origin for Indo-Europeans, who then interbred with groups wherever they ended up in India, Europe, and the Middle East. Do you have thoughts about whether the arrival of Indo-Europeans in the Middle East was connected with the conquests by the Sea Peoples and the late Bronze Age collapse? ( )


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